Glossary

10-year eligibility requirement

To be eligible to repair your home through the Weathertight Home Resolution Services Act, the house must have been built (or alterations giving rise to the claim made to it) before 1 January 2012 and within 10 years of lodging the claim. If a Code Compliance Certificate was issued, this may be taken as the date the house was built.

4 Ds

The key mechanisms by which a house remains weathertight and in sound condition — deflection, drainage, drying and durability.

Acceptable Solution

A prescriptive design/construction solution published by the Ministry of Building, Innovation and Employment (MBIE). Where proposed construction follows an Acceptable Solution exactly, it must be accepted as being code compliant for that specific Building Code clause.)

Air leaky claddings

Claddings such as weatherboards that allow air (and also water) to readily pass through the cladding joints. The airleakyness also assists in drying any water that gets behind the cladding

Alternative method

A building product or method of construction that is partly or completely different from the products or methods described in an Acceptable Solution or a Verification Method.

Alternative Solution

A means of compliance with the Building Code not wholly in accordance with an Acceptable Solution or a Verification Method. An Alternative Method becomes an Alternative Solution when accepted by a BCA and the building consent is issued

Amenity

A useful or desirable feature. Building another bedroom or adding an en-suite bathroom to a bedroom increases the amenity of a property.

BCA

Building consent authority – usually a territorial authority, such as a city or district council, that has authority to issue building consents.

BRANZ Appraisal

A technical opinion of a product or system’s fitness for purpose based on specific Building Code requirements, issued by BRANZ.

Butyl rubber

A synthetic rubber typically used as a fully adhered membrane for roofing, decking and other applications where weatherproofing is required.

Capillary break

A break or gap of at least 6 mm between two materials (or within one material) designed to stop the movement of water between the material(s).

Cavity closure

A building element with slots or holes that allows water to drain from a cavity and air to circulate, while keeping vermin out.

CCA

Copper, chrome and arsenate timber preservative.

CCC

A code compliance certificate. This issued by a BCA after final inspections have been carried out. A CCC can only be issued if the building work complies with the building consent.

Compliance path

A compliance path is a way chosen to demonstrate compliance of intended work with the Building Code. Compliance paths include Acceptable Solutions, Product Certification, and Verification Methods.

A compliance path is a way chosen to demonstrate compliance of intended work with the Building Code. Compliance paths include Acceptable Solutions, Product Certification, and Verification Methods.A compliance path is a way chosen to demonstrate compliance of intended work with the Building Code. Compliance paths include Acceptable Solutions, Product Certification, and Verification Methods.

Consequential damage

Damage that occurs as a consequence of a particular action or event. For example, a leak around a window may lead to such consequential damage as rotting timber framing or carpets.

Contingency sum

A sum of money available to cover unexpected building or renovation costs.

CuAz

Copper azole timber preservative.

Data sheets

Sometimes called safety data sheets, these documents protect the health and safety of people in the workplace by giving information on the hazards of materials and how the materials should be used, stored, transported and disposed of.

Determination

A decision by MBIE on whether a set of documents for a proposed building, a construction element or specific detail, or a recently-built building or specific building component, complies or does not comply with the Building Code.

Direct-fixed cladding

The exterior cladding of the building is fixed over a wall underlay and directly to the framing.

DPM

Damp-proof membrane, often polythene sheeting, typically used under a concrete slab to prevent ground moisture entering the slab, or used as a ground cover under suspended timber floors.

Drainage path

The path water that leaks through a cladding will travel down the back of the cladding.

Drained and vented cavity

Described in E2/AS1 as a 20 mm bottom-vented cavity behind lightweight wall claddings design to dry and/or drain any water that might penetrate the cladding.

E2/AS1

The Acceptable Solution for the weathertightness of timber-framed buildings up to 10 m high and located within a low, medium, high, very high or extra high wind zone.

Efflorescence

Water-soluble salts that crystallise on a masonry surface (brick, concrete block and concrete) as moisture evaporates from it. Efflorescence usually has a whitish appearance.

EIFS

Exterior Insulation and Finish Systems – a type of wall cladding where polystyrene sheets are typically plastered with a reinforced polymer modified cement-based plaster and then painted.

EPDM

A synthetic rubber membrane typically used as a fully adhered membrane to waterproof roofs and decks.

Expanded polystyrene

Referred to as EPS, light because it is 98% air. Often used as insulation under suspended timber floors. EPS can be recycled.

Extruded polystyrene

Referred to as XPS, a closed-cell, rigid type of insulation with a continuous skin surface. It has a greater density and compressive strength than expanded polystyrene (EPS).

Referred to as XPS, a closed-cell, rigid type of insulation with a continuous skin surface. It has a greater density and compressive strength than expanded polystyrene (EPS).Referred to as XPS, a closed-cell, rigid type of insulation with a continuous skin surface. It has a greater density and compressive strength than expanded polystyrene (EPS).

Fascia

The board that runs along the edge of the roof at the eaves. Guttering is usually attached to the fascia.

Flashing

Thin strips or areas of impervious material, often sheet metal, installed to stop water moving through a joint and into a structure. Flashings are often shaped to fit a particular location.

Flexible flashing tape

A tape installed into and around framed joinery openings (typically for windows and doors). It goes over the underlay and exposed framing. Also used at joinery heads to seal flashing upstands to the underlay.

Galvanised steel

Steel sheet or element that has a thin layer of zinc added to help protect it from corrosion.

Hydrophilic

Something that absorbs water or is easily wetted. Unsealed plaster, plasterboard, timber and fibre-cement are examples of hydrophilic materials.

Impervious

A surface finish or material that does not allow water or water vapour to pass through.

INSULATING GLASS UNIT (IGU)

Double-glazing or triple-glazing.

Jamb

The vertical sides of a door or window opening.

Joists

Horizontal framing that supports a floor or ceiling. Floor joists sit above the bearers.

Leaky Homes Financial Assistance Package

A package where the government and local council each paid 25% of the repair cost and the homeowner paid 50%. (If the council did not approve the original work or did not participate in the FAP, the homeowner paid 75% of the costs.) The scheme ran for five years from 23 July 2011 to 23 July 2016.

Liquidated damages

A fair and reasonable estimate of the actual financial damage suffered as the result of a breach of contract.

LOSP

Light Organic Solvent Preservatives – insecticides and fungicides in a spirit-based carrier for treating timber

MDF

Medium density fibreboard, a compressed engineered wood product.

Monolithic

Monolithic cladding is sheet-cladding material (such as fibre-cement) that is plastered and coated to give a seamless finish.

Neoprene

A type of synthetic rubber that can be used to aid in weathertightness. For example, neoprene washers used with screws in steel roofing are slightly compressed when installed to provide a watertight seal around the screw.

Notice to fix/notices to fix

A statutory notice issued by a building consent authority or territorial authority requiring a person to remedy a breach of the Building Act 2004 or regulations under that Act. A notice to fix can be issued where work is done without a building consent, building work does not comply with the Building Code, and so on.

NZIBS

The New Zealand Institute of Building Surveyors (NZIBS), the main professional body for building surveyors.

Polymer

A natural or organic compound with a particular type of molecular structure. Many plastics and resins are polymers.

Producer statement

An expert opinion often provided in building consent applications to support alternative methods of demonstrating Building Code compliance. Manufacturers, engineers, and others with specialist knowledge may complete producer statements. Producer statements are accepted at a building consent authority’s discretion.

Product certification

Products or systems that are certified through the voluntary CodeMark scheme must be accepted by a building consent authority when used as specified. The scheme, established by the Building Act 2004, is a way to show that a product or system meets the requirements of the Building Code.

Proprietary

A product manufactured or sold by a particular company or companies, which typically have copyright or trademark ownership. Contrast with ‘generic’ products (such as ordinary black PVC plastic sheeting) where none of the manufacturers have intellectual property rights.

PVC

Plasticised polyvinyl chloride, a flexible type of plastic typically used for flooring, flexible pipes and so on. PVC is one of the most commonly used plastics. It is made from common salt (sodium chloride) and petroleum products.

QA

Quality assurance – maintaining a particular level of quality.

RAB

Rigid air barrier – typically a proprietary sheet system (fibre-cement or plywood together with accessories such as joint flashings) applied as a rigid wall underlay to the outside face of wall framing. RAB must be submitted for consent as an alternative method.

RBW

Restricted building work is work that must be carried out or supervised by a licensed building practitioner (LBP). RBW includes work on foundations and structure, wall and roof cladding and fire safety systems for houses.

Relative Humidity (RH)

the percentage of water vapour in the air at a specific temperature compared to the maximum amount that the air could hold at that temperature.

Remediation

Fixing faults, deficiencies and damage. A term typically used with the repair of leaky buildings.

Risk matrix

A tool within E2/AS1 that allows designers to calculate the weathertightness risk score for each face of a particular building design. See paragraph 3.1, Figure 1 and Tables 1 and 2 in E2/AS1.

RMA

Resource Management Act 1991

Stachybotrys

A variety of blackish mould that grows on materials containing cellulose and which can be harmful to health

Stop end

The detailing applied to the end of a window head or apron flashing to prevent water getting behind the cladding at the ends of the flashing.

Stucco

A type of wall cladding where a reinforced sand/cement plaster is applied in two or three applications, often with a textured finish, to a non-rigid (flexible wall underlay) or rigid (plywood or fibre cement) backing. It must be painted to remain weathertight.

Substrate

An underlying layer. For example, H3 CCA-treated plywood is the substrate commonly used under membrane roofs.

Thermally broken

Where aluminium windows have a very strong spacer with a higher level of thermal performance between the inner and outer parts of the aluminium frame. BRANZ testing has shown that frames with this feature can be almost 60% more thermally efficient than those without it.

Topography

Features on the surface of the land, including hills, trees, and buildings.

TPS

Thermoplastic-sheathed cable. The type of electric cabling used in houses today

Trapezoidal

A profile where the top and bottom of the profile are parallel, but the sides are not parallel. On trapezoidal steel roofing, each side of the profile typically slopes outward.

uPVC

Unplasticised polyvinyl chloride, a hard plastic typically used for window frames, pipework, cladding, guttering and downpipes.

Veneer

A heavy cladding supported by a structural base that is separated from the supporting framing by a ventilated cavity. For example, brick houses today are built with brick veneer laid onto a concrete foundation, while the structural support of the house is provided by timber or steel framing behind the bricks and not by the bricks themselves.

Verification method

According to the Building Act 2004, a verification method is a method by which compliance with the Building Code may be verified using an identified testing regime or method of calculation.

Wall underlay

A flexible or rigid sheet material applied to the outside of framing to provide a second line of defence against water getting into the framing.

Weathergrooves

Grooves in the back of timber weatherboards, designed to stop the capillary movement of water across the back of the board.

Weathertight Homes Resolution Service

A service established by the government to help owners of leaky buildings.

WHRS

Weathertight Homes Resolution Service

Wind regions

Wind regions are given in Figure 5.1 of NZS 3604:2011 Timber-framed buildings.

Wind zones

Wind zones can be calculated from Table 5.1 of NZS 3604:2011 Timber-framed buildings. They are classified as a low, medium, high, very high or extra high wind. Buildings outside of the extra high zone must have the structure specifically designed.